In Tunisia, the development of Islamic banking and Islamic insurance primarily depends on the introduction of a law that is more in line with market needs and expectations. Still, Mahfoudh Barouni, an expert in banking and finance, believes that the imperfections of the existing law have not so far hindered the smooth development of Islamic finance. In the past, there were already laws governing the sector that had been drafted according to market needs, but this legislation did not actually govern the Islamic finance sector. Currently, there are texts that legislate Islamic finance and grant all Tunisians the freedom to choose between Western and Islamic finance. Speaking on the topic of Islamic insurance, the CEO of Zitouna Takaful, Makram Ben Sassi, recalled that this business has existed in Tunisia for 30 years. Yet, the real problem is that there is a lack of awareness and responsibility rooted in the mentality of Tunisians in general.